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Trauma, grief, and PTSD in Palestinian children victims of War on Gaza PDF Print E-mail
Aug 29, 2010 at 05:20 PM

Abstract

Purpose: Exposure to war trauma has been independently associated with posttraumatic stress (PTSD) and grief in children and adults. The aim of this study was to establish the relationship between war traumatic experiences due to last war on Gaza, PTSD, and traumatic grief children.

Methods: The study was conducted in the Gaza Strip, in areas exposed to war for 23 days. The sample included 374 children aged 6-17 years. Children completed measures of experience of traumatic events (Gaza Traumatic Checklist-War on Gaza), PTSD, and Grief inventory.

Results: Palestinians children experiences variety of traumatic events: 93.9% hear shelling of the area by artillery, 93.9% hear the sonic sounds of the jetfighters, and 69% left home form more safe place, and 24.5% exposed to burn by bombs. Each child reported 12.80 traumatic events.  Results showed that 98.7% of children reported that they were not safe at homes, 96.3% were not able to protect themselves, 96% were not able to protect their family members, and 94.4% said other people outside the family were not able to protect them. The study showed that from total number of children 35 of the children said that they lost someone from the family (9.4%) and 338 said they did not loss any one (90.6%). Mean grief reactions in boys were 19.96 and 18.29 in girls. Using the previous cut-off point of CPTSD-RI, 1.3% of children showed no PTS reactions, 7.2% reported mild PTSD reactions, 29.9% showed moderate PTS reactions, and 61.5% showed severe to very severe PTS reactions. Trauma exposure was significantly associated with PTS reactions. No sex differences in reporting trauma or PTS reactions.

Conclusions: This study revealed that children living in area of conflict and war are the main scapegoats of such war and their exposure to trauma is inevitable during the war and the international laws to protect the civilians during the conflict and establishing save haven for children and their families to decrease the effect of war on children. Also, more interventions must be conducted in group base and concentrated on helping children to overcome their trauma and grief. Also, parents had to be involved in such activities to be able of detecting children with pathological grief and enable them of helping children in overcoming the effect of grief and trauma.

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Dichter cancels U.K. trip over fears of 'war crimes' arrest
By Barak Ravid, Haaretz Correspondent
Haaretz.
Dec. 6, 2007

Public Security Minister Avi Dichter canceled a trip to Britain over concerns he would be arrested due to his involvement in the decision to assassinate the head of Hamas' military wing in July 2002.

Fifteen people were killed in the bombing of Salah Shehade's house in Gaza, among them his wife and three children, when Dichter was head of the Shin Bet security service. He is the first minister to have to deal with a possible arrest.

Dichter was invited to take part in a conference by a British research institute on "the day after" Annapolis. He was supposed to give an address on the diplomatic process.
Dichter contacted the Foreign Ministry and sought an opinion on the matter, among other reasons because of previous cases in which complaints were filed in Britain and arrest warrants were issued on suspicion of war crimes by senior officers who served during the second intifada.

The Foreign Ministry wrote Dichter that it did not recommend he visit Britain because of a high probability that an extreme leftist organization there would file a complaint, which might lead to an arrest warrant. The ministry also wrote that because Dichter was not an official guest of the British government, he did not have immunity from arrest.

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